Nayl al-Awtaar: A Classic Work of Fiqh by Imam ash-Shawkani
Nayl al-Awtaar is a famous work of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) written by Imam Muhammad bin Ali ash-Shawkani (d. 1250H). It is a commentary on al-Muntaqa, a collection of hadiths related to fiqh compiled by Majd ad-Din ibn Taymiyyah (d. 652H), the grandfather of the renowned scholar Ibn Taymiyyah (d. 728H).
The book covers various topics of fiqh, such as purification, prayer, zakat, fasting, hajj, marriage, divorce, inheritance, jihad, oaths, vows, and more. It is based on the Quran and the Sunnah, and follows the methodology of the Salaf (the righteous predecessors) in deriving rulings from the evidences. It also refutes the opinions of other schools of fiqh that are not supported by authentic proofs.
Nayl al-Awtaar is highly recommended by scholars for its depth, accuracy, and comprehensiveness. It has been authenticated and annotated by several scholars, such as Shaykh al-Albani (d. 1420H), who verified the hadiths according to his criteria of authenticity. It has also been translated into several languages, including Urdu.
The Urdu translation of Nayl al-Awtaar is available in PDF format online. It consists of 13 volumes and can be accessed from the following link: [^2^].Some of the benefits of studying Nayl al-Awtaar are:
It helps one to understand the fiqh of the Quran and the Sunnah, and to apply it in one's life.
It exposes one to the different opinions and evidences of the scholars of Islam, and to appreciate their efforts and contributions.
It strengthens one's faith and love for Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him), and increases one's knowledge and wisdom.
It prepares one for the Day of Judgment, when one will be asked about one's deeds and beliefs.
Therefore, it is highly recommended for Muslims to read and study Nayl al-Awtaar, and to benefit from its guidance and teachings.One of the challenges or difficulties in studying Nayl al-Awtaar is that it requires a good level of Arabic language and fiqh terminology. The book is written in a classical style and uses many technical terms and references. Therefore, one may need the help of a teacher or a scholar to explain and clarify some of the points and issues.
Another challenge is that some of the rulings or issues discussed in Nayl al-Awtaar may not be applicable or relevant to the current times and situations. For example, some of the chapters deal with slavery, war, and taxation, which are not common or prevalent in most Muslim countries today. Therefore, one may need to consult contemporary scholars or fatwas to understand how to apply the principles and objectives of the Shariah in these matters.
A third challenge is that some of the opinions or evidences presented in Nayl al-Awtaar may be disputed or weak according to some scholars or criteria. For example, some of the hadiths used by Imam ash-Shawkani may not be authentic according to Shaykh al-Albani or other hadith experts. Therefore, one may need to be careful and cautious in accepting or following such opinions or evidences without further research or verification. a474f39169